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Overweight and obesity presents an important global health problem, with an upward trend. However, this development is not limited to adults, it is increasingly affecting children and adolescents. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were 41 million overweight children under the age of five worldwide in 2016, from which around half were in Asia and one quarter in Africa. The USA takes a prominent position. The number of overweight and obese children of school age has tripled since 1970 and now accounts for around 20%. The classification of overweight and obesity in children is not consistent and is to some extent differently defined. Nonetheless, the Body Mass Index (BMI) is often measured. The US American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define overweight as a BMI above the 85th and obesity beyond the 95th percentile. Other sources make use of the fat percentage and define overweight from a fat content of 25-30%, depending on gender. Excessive weight has severe health effects and enhances the risk of a multitude of chronic conditions, such as diab
While our cozy memories of the holidays are slowly fading, our scales and tighter pants still give testimony to the feasts that were enjoyed. The end of the year is also a time of self-reflection, which often leads to new plans for the coming year. Ambitious resolutions are made, and we are highly motivated to keep them during the first weeks of January. Above all, these include regular exercise,
Social networks such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter have become indispensable in today’s world. Every day, millions of people use these networks to share their lives and their thoughts with others. They are especially popular with celebrities an
Christmas is coming, and in only a few days the space under the christmas tree will be filled with presents and the dinner table will also be set with many festive dishes. It’s not only the holidays that threaten our diets - sweet treats tempt us into sin even during the pre-Christmas period. At the same time, the winter weather does not particularly invite us to add intensive exercise as another
With more than one billion known cases, arterial hypertension poses a real global health issue. As it is rarely accompanied by symptoms, health care professionals often neglect or diagnose hypertension far too late. If left untreated, it can lead to serious secondary complications and can contribute greatly to premature mortality. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), normal blood pressure is defined as lying between a systolic value of 120 mmHg and a diastolic blood pressure of 80 mmHg. Still, measurements which are ​​below normal blood pressure are still considered optimal and cardioprotective. By definition, arterial hypertension starts at a value ​​of 140/90 mmHg. The range between normal blood pressure and mild hypertension has been referred to as "high normal", "elevated" or "prehypertensive". Since mid-November the previous categories have been put into question. For the first time in 14 years, the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiol