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Tumor Cachexia

Case Report

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Patient data

Age:
59 years
Gender:
male
Height:
5.45 ft
Initial weight:
152.12 lbs
Initial BMI:
25.00 kg/m2

Medical history/diagnosis

Diagram

A 59-year old Caucasian male suffering from bronchial carcinoma shows the following development of weight after tumor removal by "lobectomy":

  • March 14, 2012: 171.96 lbs
  • May 18, 2012: 152.12 lbs

Thus, a clinically relevant weight loss is indicated.


Graphs of measuring results

Diagram
Body Mass Index (BMI)

The BMI and the fat mass are slightly increased but not remarkable.

  • Height: 5.45 ft
  • Weight: 152.12 lbs
  • BMI: 25.00 kg/m2
Diagram
Fat mass

The increased fat percentage can be explained by the missing physical activity which the patients states.

  • Fat mass (FM): 45.2 lbs
  • Fat percentage (FM %): 30.00 %
  • Fat mass index (FMI): 7.40 kg/m2
Diagram
Body composition chart (BCC)

The BCC, however, indicates the assumed decreased muscle mass (weight loss, tumor and missing physical activity).

  • Fat Free Mass Index (FFMI): 17.70 kg/m2
  • Fat Mass Index (FMI): 7.50 kg/m2
Diagram
Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA)

The subject stands out in the BIVA graph due to his measuring point beyond the 95th tolerance ellipse which indicates a low proportion of cells.

  • Resistance R (50kHz): 536.9 Ω
  • Reactance Xc (50kHz): 35.9 Ω
Diagram
Phase angle

The phase angle value of 3.8° thus lies well below the normal values that apply for him.

  • Phase angle φ: 3.8°

Summary

Due to the bad prognosis deriving from the phase angle, an early nutritional therapy and treatment of the tumor cachexia is required="required" (see Fearons International Cachexia Lancet Oncology). Although the BMI value seems normal, the weight loss can be clearly seen in his body composition: reduced muscle mass and cell mass. Due to the planned chemotherapy it is necessary to improve and closely monitor the nutritional state (see Andreyev, Ross) in order to offer the patient the best possible quality of life. Without having had access to a fast, clinically precise and differentiated body composition measurement this therapy recommendation would not have been possible.

Despite unremarkable BMI and fat mass values, the seca mBCA detected the cachectic state caused by the tumor disease and thus allows to define a nutritional therapy.